The Ultimate Philosophy


0:01 and you often talk about truth and often about beauty about love but can you also
0:10 talk about the goods with the big g related to to this teaching that’s
0:18 actually the first question on the second one who would be how is this
0:25 ideas or this is not a child would you integrated in teaching in teaching to
0:33 students so first the first one the good TT cool pic G how does it fit into this
0:42 teaching like also can you say it’s a byproduct of after
0:52 yes what we consider to be good would be anything that any activity yarn and
1:06 behavior that came from and therefore expressed this understanding that
1:15 doesn’t mean to say that what is considered to be bad is not included
1:19 within consciousness of course it is everything is in consciousness but what
1:29 we consider to be good would be in this context that which expresses the
1:36 understanding that we are speaking of here and that which brings this
1:42 understanding out into some aspect of daily life
1:51 what was your second question about teaching how to integrate this
1:56 understanding with teaching to do you mean teaching what kind of my philosophy
2:02 teacher teaching students which I have no background at all in this mother
2:10 teaching ethics for instance so guess what so what we’re talking about here is
2:19 the the ultimate philosophy of the perennial philosophy as bad as you know
2:27 so ethics in this context or morality would be a any kind of attitude or
2:38 conduct that expressed the understanding we’re speaking of here when central
2:44 gustan was asked how should one live how should one behave
2:49 it was the same question question about ethics of what is good what is right
2:53 how should we live he just said love and do whatever you want
3:02 of course of what he meant by love was realize your shared identity your
3:10 relationship should being with all object animals themselves it if we do
3:19 that we can’t go wrong so it’s not necessary to have her a list of ten
3:25 commandments because all the Ten Commandments are basically basically
3:31 expressions of the same understanding urban do whatever you want but the Ten
3:37 Commandments are there i don’t mean literally did ten commandments but a set
3:42 of rules and conductor there are needed in society because in society we don’t
3:51 our society is not based on this understanding that we are speaking of
3:56 here and therefore they need to be rules and regulations they need to be
4:03 guidelines but if it is clear that
4:09 our own being that did all the things and people and animals share the same
4:16 being and you if we lead a life that is consistent with that understanding you
4:24 can’t go wrong because youyou literally you feel that all others objects and
4:32 animals are yourself
4:35 so what’d you do to someone else you do to yourself who would it be possible to
4:40 knowingly do harm to anyone or anything that you consider to be yourself no no
4:53 people only do harm to animals and others because they considered that they
5:01 are separate from themselves that for that pain is not my pain
5:06 I don’t mind if they’re suffering because i’m not so you have to feel
5:15 separate from an animal or person to do anything that would cause it harm or
5:23 pain so if you put that’s a Europe your philosophy teacher so you’re in a
5:30 beautiful position where you can infiltrate this understanding into your
5:38 curriculum of course I’m sure and your university or not really need to talk
5:42 about these matters but you’re getting difficult that’s why I am exact it’s
5:47 in-betweener yeah that that’s a difficulty if I hear myself talk about
5:51 using the word love and and see some reactions are feel all got
5:57 it’s a bit tricky but love is not considered a suitable topic for a
6:06 department of philosophy that’s how you what do you talk about not allowed to
6:12 talk about love i presume not talk about beauty
6:16 I guess you’ll have to talk about drilling through it is easier than love
6:19 beauty you’re not to talk about beauty
6:21 yeah it’s easier to talk about beauty nothing and but why would love be
6:27 excluded from a philosophy course asking the question this answer
6:36 I don’t know yeah and I mean I think you know why is know why but it’s like that
6:41 I mean that would not be one of the central questions of any true philosophy
6:50 or what is enough i mean yet it is there any experience in life that we have that
6:56 is more important enough has anyone here ever had an experience that was more
7:00 important than love
7:07 so surely that would be the main topic love truth beauty wouldn’t that be that
7:14 the main topic for discussion use the word compassion which is which is what
7:31 compassion related to the way we behave compassionate behavior we say we someone
7:39 behaves with compassion but love is more essential and compassion or you could
7:49 save compassion was love applied but if we don’t know what love is
7:56 we can’t know what compassion is you can’t discuss compassion without
8:01 discussing lab but it turn
8:06 it’s a challenge for you your your part of the university so you you have you
8:15 have some guidelines some limitations as to what your and not to speak of and
8:20 what you really want to speak obvious what we are speaking here so that that
8:23 is a challenge for you 2222 we’ve this understanding into your lectures without
8:35 getting fired
8:38 did you ever read
8:49 Sophie’s World yeah that was a beautiful example of somebody teaching philosophy
9:03 to a child and tailoring their understanding to the child and expanding
9:12 the child’s mind gradually expanding the chart mining using all the Western
9:19 philosophers to to expand her mind so it’s it’s possible to
9:33 to show how Spinoza and canton Heidegger and berkeley and further back plate or
9:45 amenities they all came very close that would be a knife and ice challenge to
9:53 have start with its to start with an observation with your students
10:04 everything you have ever experienced exists the sight of this room exists a
10:15 thought exists a toothache exist the sunshine exists the sound of my voice
10:23 exists everything that we ever know our experience exists what its existence it
10:32 is fundamental to every experience every experience shares it what is that what
10:44 is being how come it is possible to no experience come experience is known and
10:58 with what what is it that knows experience what do we mean by I we have
11:08 been calling ourselves
11:09 I on life but everything we know about ourselves our thoughts feelings
11:14 sensations and perceptions are continuously changing so wanted i
11:18 referred to we called ourselves I when we were five year old girls and boys and
11:26 ten twenty thirty one what is this a person to I what does it refer to how
11:35 good conscience
11:36 has come from matter world culture is founded upon the presumption of
11:45 consciousness does come from matter but nobody has any idea how that happened
11:50 nobody has ever seen it happen why do we believe that our culture is founded on
11:57 that idea why these are the questions I would ask my philosophy students because
12:07 if they can’t ask these questions then the other questions they’re exploring
12:12 are trivial my command . never get the answer to any more relative question
12:19 until they can answer these fundamental questions
12:29 everything that is known or experience is known or experienced by the mind and
12:38 therefore the mind superimposes its own limitations on everything that it knows
12:43 we think that the world reality out there is limited temporary and finite
12:57 but the mind through which the world is perceived is itself limited and
13:05 therefore everything that mind knows where shares will share the limits of
13:10 the mind through which it is known and therefore we cannot know anything about
13:16 the nature of the world until we know the nature of the mind and that was
13:21 until the mind knows its own nature therefore what question could be more
13:28 important in philosophy and to ask what is the essential irreducible nature of
13:33 mind until that question is answered nothing can be known about reality
13:40 so these are the questions that i would these are the topics that i would send
13:48 my students to explore you might get fired then maybe you’d get tired and you
13:53 might yeah you might I think it did you say you you might get fired over here we
14:02 are interested in InDesign oh I’m I’m spoiled i know and then the quality of
14:08 the audience and i’m not bound by any institution so i can i’m free to say
14:14 what I what I wand so either you have to risk getting fired being fired but if if
14:24 that
14:25 you know if you need your charm for financial reasons or whatever then you
14:28 have to be more subtle than I need to be
14:32 I don’t have to be subtle i can just say things straight
14:35 but you have to be more subtle you have to weave these questions in you find a
14:42 way of just sailing within the parameters of the institution to which
14:47 you belong but always pushing the boundaries always provoking your
14:54 students to take to go further and then in private with your students when
14:59 you’re having conversations with them you can sense where the openness is in
15:04 the student and go there encourage their make it clear to the student at
15:17 everything he or she knows is known with their mind and therefore the mind
15:24 superimposes its own limitations on everything that it knows our experiences
15:28 therefore to explore anything before exploring the nature of mind we will
15:37 never give satisfactory results why scientists still have no idea what the
15:42 world is made of because they’ve been exploring the world before they explore
15:47 the nature of their own minds they will never find out what the world is made up
15:50 until they discover what their own minds are made up
15:54 and many scientists are beginning to come to this conclusion so I i know you
16:02 you you know the story of the Oxford professor I I know what you’re up
16:07 against
16:08 what these these institutions that like old dinosaurs
16:15 there is so people have so much so many egos have there are invested in these
16:23 institutions that it’s very difficult to to operate outside the very narrow
16:31 parameters but you just have to be skillful which I’m sure you are

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